Sand dunes are among the most widespread wind-formed (aeolian) features present on Mars.

May 24, 2012

Sand dunes are among the most widespread aeolian (wind-formed) features present on Mars. Their spatial distribution and morphology are affected by changes in wind direction and wind strength. Patterns of dune erosion and deposition provide insight into the sedimentary history of the surrounding terrain.

This image shows sand dunes trapped in an impact crater in Noachis Terra. Dunes and sand ripples of various shapes and sizes, such as in this enhanced-color subimage, show the natural beauty created by physical processes.

Image source:


NASA/JPL-Caltech/University of Arizona


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